Ok, so I could write and illustrate a lot about history, but my priority lies somewhere else. It doesn’t matter, because others have written about it. I can recommend the book “De wereldwijde vloed” of Tjarko Evenboer.
It’s only available in Dutch so far. Hopefully this book will be available in English later. Read it and be amazed. There is so much more information available about history than you could imagine.
Below is an outline of the book in English, written by Tjarko Evenboer himself:
The flood – myth or mankinds universal history?
The echo of Genesis 1-11 in legends of all nations
What would we expect when Genesis 1-11 is real history?
Suppose that there really was a global flood, and that the events mentioned in Genesis 1-11 are not mere stories, but real history. And suppose that our ancestors really were the only survivors of the flood. What would that imply?
First, we would expect to find references to that great catastrophe in legends, myths and ancient writings all over the world. It would be very implausible if the Bible was the only historical source telling about such a disastrous catastrophe.
Second, we would also expect to find memories of the pre-flood world in worldwide traditions. We should, for instance, find echoes of the creation of Adam and Eve, the Garden of Eden, the two trees of paradise and the Fall among traditions of all nations – or at least stories with significant similarities.
Third, we would expect to find references to Biblical events that took place shortly after the flood, like the tower of Babel and the confusion of tongues. But as the Bible states that the nations parted after that confusion, it would be only logical that our ‘universal history’ would stop at that point.
In brief: the above is exactly what we observe when we start looking into the oral and written myths of hundreds of nations.
Outline of the book
Chapter 1 starts with an survey of flood myths. Starting with the Indian (Hindu) flood myth of Manu and his sons Sherma, Charma and Jyapeti, a journey is made through the five continents, involving nations as ancient Egypt and Greece, Scandinavia, China, the Maya and Inca indians, the Aborigenes of Australia and tribes of Africa. These flood myths are thoroughly analysed and compared.
Two modernistic hypotheses according flood myths are examined: a) the idea that they can be traced back to local floods, and b) the theory that they sprung from christian missionairy activity. The author concludes that none of these modernistic hypotheses give a satisfactory explanation for the striking similarity of the accounts.
Chapter 2 handles myths that seem to contain memories of the pre-flood world. It examines pagan creation accounts that speak of a divine garden were the first man and woman were created. We discover that the two trees of paradise are present in a great amount of legends, and that the tree of life (often in connection with the snake) has been worshipped in many cultures, providing a breeding ground for the common pagan custom of tree worship. This chapter also handles pagan legends that tell about the Fall of the first man and woman, where in many cultures the fruit of the tree has, quite amusingly, been replaced by other food.
Chapter 1 and 2 together provide a powerful argumentation that Genesis 1-11 is real history, of which we see reflections in myth and folklore of all continents. The author states that Noah and his family really were the ancestors of humankind, and in the centuries after the flood the nations took their common history with them, leading to a global ‘collective memory’ that strikingly affirms Genesis.
Chapter 3 discusses a logical objection: if Genesis bears so much resemblance to pagan myths, why shouldn’t we regard Genesis as one of those myths? The author states that Genesis has all characteristics to be seen as the ‘original account’; not in the sense that pagan myths are directly derived from the Torah, but in the sense that Genesis contains the original and flawless account of historical events, while the pagan accounts are all affected by centuries of oral tradition. The author supports this thesis by stating that:
a) the Biblical story contains the original eyewitness reports. Analysis of the structure of Genesis makes it plausible that Genesis 1-11 is in fact a series of clay tablets which were recorded by the antediluvian patriarchs, and were passed on from father to son to Noah, and through Shem to the nation of Israël. Moses was the ‘redactor’ of Genesis 1-11, who put these accounts together. Proofs of this thesis are also found in ancient Jewish and pagan literature.
b) the Biblical story is scientifically reliable, in sharp contrast to the pagan accounts.
c) comparison of the Biblical story with pagan accounts reveals that the Biblical ingredients are to be found on all continents, while the non-biblical ingredients are only found locally. This supports the idea that Genesis contains the original, flawless story. (This is also confirmed by the King Lists of ancient Middle East nations, which clearly are corrupted versions, containing gaps and incorrect transpositions.)
Chapter 4 is about the Tower of Babel – or rather, about myths that speak about the building of a large tower, and the subsequent confusion of languages. These myths are found in Babylonia (where king Nebuchadnezzar II mentioned both tower and confusion), but also in Greece, China, Southeast Asia, India, Papua New Guinea, Polynesia, Africa and North en Central America.
Chapter 5 tells about the dispersion of nations, and more specifically about Noah and his sons Shem, Cham and Japhet as mankinds progenitors. Study of ancient genealogies reveals that Noah and his sons are recorded as patriarchs and kings, and later often became worshipped as gods in pagan cultures. Noah, for example, is called Nüwa by the Chinese, Manu by the Indians, Nuah by Southeast-asians and Noa by the Scandinavians, but we also see him back in gods such as Nu (water god of ancient Egypt) and Anu (father-god of the Babylonians). His son Japhet appears in genealogies of Indo-European nations as a great patriarch, but after several centuries became worshipped as father-god Japati in India, as Japetos in Greece and as Jupiter in the Roman Empire. We observe the same pattern in regard to the other sons and grandsons of Noah.
This chapter also reconstructs migration routes of the tribes of Noahs sons and grandsons, based on the Bible, on historical and mythical accounts and etymological research.
Chapter 6 is entirely about the American Indians – firstly because their traditions greatly support the Biblical accounts, but secondly because their origin is shrouded in mystery. The common evolutionary hypothesis connects the Indians solely to Asia and claims they have been living on the American continent for at least 10,000 years. The author connects American Indians not only with Asia, but also with ancient Europe, Africa and the Middle-East, based on historical evidence as well as genetic data. These migrations are, contrary to the evolutionairy thesis, totally in line with the Biblical time scale. The author also posits the hypothesis that the Phoenicians already discovered America in the time of Solomon, which challenges the evolutionary idea that the nations of antiquity were ‘primitive’.
Chapter 7 reconstructs a major event that happened shortly after the flood: the ‘religious revolution’ started by Hams son Cush and grandson Nimrod. We observe the effect of the Tower of Babel, and the subsequent rise of pagan rites and idoltry, spreading from Babylonia to the ends of the ancient world.
Chapter 8 challenges the evolutionary idea that the belief in one God evolved from polytheïsm. The author looks into the oldest and earliest religious accounts of all great nations (Babylonia, Greece, Egypt, China, etc), which reveals an original monotheïsm. Furthermore, this chapter reconstructs how monotheism gradually fell into polytheism, and ultimately into the belief in impersonal forces.
Conclusion of the book
The books conclusion is that Genesis is fully reliable, and that myths and legends of all nations point to one common history, which is, in fact, the ‘universal history’ of mankind. The ‘common ground’ of all mythological concepts, is virtually the story that Genesis 1-11 tells.
The book has a foreword by Ben Hobrink (author of ‘Modern Science in the Bible’). The book contains 8 chapters and 9 appendixes, and counts +/- 450 pages. The main arguments are supported with hundreds of endnotes and references. The book is largely illustrated and uses tables and maps where needed.
About the author
Tjarko Evenboer (1983) is a researcher in the field of Bible, history and mythology. He graduated as a bachelor of Communications and has written articles for magazines as Weet (Dutch creation science magazine) and Journal of Creation. His book has been reviewed by experts from different specialties.
Contents of ‘The flood – myth or mankinds universal history?’
Foreword by Ben Hobrink
Foreword by the author
1. THE GLOBAL FLOOD
1.1 All nations speak of the flood
1.2 Flood myths of all continents
A. The flood in the myths of ancient India
B. The flood in the myths of ancient Egypt
C. Mesopotamia and the Middle East
D. The far East
F. Australia and Oceania
1.3 What the flood myths tell us
1.4 Different theories
A. The theory of a local flood
B. The missionary hypothesis
2. ECHOES OF EDEN
2.1 Common concepts in creation myths
2.2 The creation days
2.3 The tree of life
2.4 From the tree of life to tree worship
2.5 Paradise and the first couple
A. The creation account of the Nordic Germans
B. Adam and Eve in Hindu traditions
C. Creation myths of Polynesian nations
2.6 Legends about the Fall
2.7 Eve’s name in different cultures
2.8 Echoes of Eden in Chinese characters
2.9 Explanations of the echoes of Eden
3. GENESIS – ALSO A MYTH?
A. The Biblical story contains the original eyewitness accounts
3.1 Moses – the redactor of ancient clay tablets
3.2 The lineage through father and eldest son
3.3 The original clay tablets unveiled
3.4 References to the antediluvian clay tablets
3.5 The linguistic composition of Genesis
B. The Biblical story is scientifically fully reliable
C. Pagan myths are derived from the Biblical story, not vice versa
3.6 The King lists of ancient nations
3.7 To conclude
4. THE TOWER OF BABEL IN MYTHS
4.1 The confusion of languages according to Genesis
4.2 Babylonian traditions
4.3 The Tower of Babel in legend of all continents
4.4 The earliest civilizations after Babel
5. THE DISPERSON OF NATIONS AFTER THE FLOOD
5.1 Noah and his sons as patriarchs and gods
5.2 An introduction to etymology
5.3 Noahs name in early traditions
5.4 Japhets name in early traditions
5.5 Nations that sprang from Japhets sons
A. Greek people
B. Celts and Welshmen
C. Nations of Southeast Asia
D. Nations in the upper North of Europe: Saxons and Germans
E. Georgians, Armenians and Turkmen people
F. Mongolian people
G. Medes and Persians
H. Russian people
5.6 Hams name in early traditions
5.7 Nations that sprang from Hams sons
A. The empire of Cush
C. Canaänites and Phoenicians
D. Chinese people
5.8 Shems name in early traditions
5.9 Nations that sprang from Shems sons
D. Hebrews and Israëlites
5.10 The high ages of the patriarchs
6. THE ORIGIN OF THE AMERICAN INDIANS
6.1 The Indians – who were their ancestors?
6.2 The traditions of the Mayans
6.3 King Dan I of Denmark
6.4 Thracian tribes
6.5 The Picts on the British Isles
6.6 The origin of the Toltecs
6.7 Memories of the Exodus
6.8 The Maya-Toltec culture: a colony
6.9 Alternative explanations to indian traditions
6.10 Phoenicion colonisation of America
6.11 Solomon’s Ophir
6.12 Genetic analysis of the American indians
7. NIMRODS RELIGIOUS REVOLUTION
7.1 Noah as king and judge
7.2 The hatred of Ham to Noah
7.3 Cush and Nimrod: the rise of idolatry
7.4 Naämah – goddess from Caïns lineage
7.5 Caïns lineage in Babylonian traditions
7.6 The rejection of Noahs authority in Greek mythology
7.7 Nimrods search for immortality
7.8 Nimrods death
8. THE ORIGINAL BELIEF IN ONE GOD
8.1 The earliest religions of ancient nations
A. Sumerians and Babylonians
D. American Indians
G. Aborigenes and Maori
H. People of Northern Europe
8.2 Monotheïsm – the original religion
8.3 Explanations of the fall to polytheïsm
8.4 Final conclusion
1. The first human couple and trees
2. The hidden message in the first genealogy of Genesis
3. The traditions of the Miao
4. Water gods
5. Giants after the flood
6. The language of the Maya and Toltec indians
7. The genetics of American Indians
8. Nimrod in American Indian traditions
9. Gods that can be traced back to Nimrod
Photos and images
Word of thanks